Renewable-Energy-in-ScotlandThe energy potential of Scotland is undeniable given the diversity of sources found in the country. Some even went so far to claim the state would become the powerhouse of Europe. Actually Scotland has energy resources that include 25% of the total offshore wind and tidal power in the European Union and around 90%of the total hydro capacity in the United Kingdom.

The importance of renewable energy increased, as the climate changes and resource deficiency are taking negative course. Cleaning any dirt and pollution will be futile, if the electricity industry continues to negatively impact the environment with the production of energy.

Scotland was among the first countries in the world that derived electricity from water. The state was devoted to creating a sustainable infrastructure that nowadays still provides electricity.  Recently the hydropower was replaced by the wind power as the most popular source of renewable energy in the country. In addition, it is estimated that the Scottish oil reserves in the North Sea are the largest in the EU.

So what is the future of renewable energy in Scotland? The country has set ambitious goal to generate the equivalent of 100% of the state’s electricity demand. Since the country is so rich in natural resource, energy export is a logical scenario. There is a substantial difference between the gas and oil and the renewable source. The latter is taxed considerably more lightly than the first. As a matter of fact, green energy is strongly subsidised.

Here is when an issue occurs. These two energy sources cannot be taxed the same way. The shift to cleaner and greener energy will inevitably affect the country’s public spending. The tax revenue from the North Sea oil will decline. Will it be possible for renewable sources to compensate the loss? Most importantly when the green technology will start generating profits that will exceed the subsidiary?

Luckily there are no signs in the immediate future for exporting projects of wind energy. The dilemma can wait for a while.  The need for efficient framework for investment in renewable remain.

The export of electricity is hindered by another factor. The strong political support for renewable energy coming from the Scottish government is offset by the the political situation in the UK such as delays, lack of coordination, postponing of the implementation of key legislations and initiatives.

Nuclear power, shale gas and renewables receive huge approval from the UK government, with the first two benefiting the most. Fossil fuels also receive strong political commitment. This leaves us with a complicated picture and a sense that despite the efforts the green energy is falling behind.

Onshore, the renewables proves to be successful. They produce sufficient amount of clean energy and also ensures job positions for tens of thousands of people.  And while big shifts face challenges, smaller project such as the construction of new find farms are enjoying a huge success.

The boost of green energy sources contributes to the cleaning of pollution and the development of sustainable economy. If Scotland manages to find solution the current challenges, it can fully benefit of its renewable resource.